Thursday, May 4, 2017

Signs of A Stroke and Ways to Help Prevent One

By Staci Brandenburg, RN

According to the CDC's website, stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. Around 800,000 people have a stroke each year! As with a heart attack, getting quick medical care is important with a stroke. To get the care quickly, the American Heart Association recommends remembering four letters, F-A-S-T, and three numbers, 911! How will F-A-S-T help? F is for facial drooping. Ask the person to smile to check for facial drooping. A is for arm weakness. Ask the person to raise both arms to see if one arm drifts downward. S is for speech difficulty. Ask the person to speak, listening for slurred or strange speech. T is for time to call 911. If the time is yes, call 911 right away!

Some things that may be done to prevent or reduce the risk of a stroke include:


  • Eat health meals and snacks 
  •   Plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables
  •   Foods low in saturated fats, trans fats, and cholesterol that are high in fiber


  • Take the prescribed medication for high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol, and heart disease

  • Keep weight in the healthy range
  • Be physically active
  •   2 hours and 30 minutes of moderate intensity (Can only carry on a breathy conversation while   exercising) or aerobic (uses more oxygen) exercise a week
  •   Brisk walking would work
  • Limit alcohol intake to 2 drinks a day for a male and 1 drink a day for a female
  • Do not smoke or at least decrease smoking



References:

Stroke. (n.d.). Retrieved May 04, 2017, from https://www.cdc.gove/stoke/signs_symptoms.htm
             Prevent Stroke and Stroke is Treatable

             Stroke Warning Signs and Symptoms. (n.d.). Retrieved May 04, 2017, from
             http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEFORG/WarningSigns/Stroke-Warning-Signs-
             and-Symptoms_UCM_308528_SubHomePage.jsp
           

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